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Theosophy is a doctrine of religious philosophy and mysticism. Theosophy holds that all religions are attempts by the Occult Brotherhood to help humanity in evolving to greater perfection, and that each religion therefore has a portion of the truth. The founding members, Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831–1891), Henry Steel Olcott (1832–1907), and William Quan Judge (1851–1896), established the Theosophical Society in New York City in 1875. Rudolf Steiner created a successful branch of the Theosophical Society in Germany and eventually in 1913 founded his own successor the Anthroposophical Society.
Blavatsky addressed the name in the beginning of The Key to Theosophy:
Theosophy, literally "god-wisdom", designated several bodies of ideas predating Blavatsky: