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Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Jataka tales - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 File:Bhutanese painted thanka of the Jataka Tales, 18th-19th Century, Phajoding Gonpa, Thimphu, Bhutan.jpg 
 Bhutanese painted thangka of the Jatakas, 18th-19th Century, Phajoding Gonpa, Thimphu, Bhutan





The Jatakas were originally amongst the earliest Buddhist literature, with metrical analysis methods dating their average contents to around the 4th century BCE.[2] The Mahāsāṃghika Caitika sects from the Āndhra region took the Jatakas as canonical literature, and are known to have rejected some of the Theravada Jatakas which dated past the time of King Ashoka.[3] The Caitikas claimed that their own Jatakas represented the original collection before the Buddhist tradition split into various lineages.[4]
According to A.K. Warder, the Jatakas are the precursors to the various legendary biographies of the Buddha, which were composed at later dates.[5] Although many Jatakas were written from an early period, which describe previous lives of the Buddha, very little biographical material about Gautama's own life has been recorded.[6]

This list includes stories based on the Jatakas:

See also


  1. ^ "Jataka" (in english). Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
  2. ^ Warder, A.K. Indian Buddhism. 2000. pp. 286-287
  3. ^ Sujato, Bhikkhu. Sects & Sectarianism: The Origins of Buddhist Schools. 2006. p. 51
  4. ^ Warder, A.K. Indian Buddhism. 2000. pp. 286-287
  5. ^ Warder, A.K. Indian Buddhism. 2000. pp. 332-333
  6. ^ Warder, A.K. Indian Buddhism. 2000. pp. 332-333
  7. ^ Handbook of Pali Literature, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 1996
  8. ^ Source: (accessed: Saturday January 23, 2010)
  9. ^ Jacobs 1888, Introduction, page lviii "What, the reader will exclaim, "the first literary link [1570] between India and England, between Buddhism and Christendom, written in racy Elizabethan with vivacious dialogue, and something distinctly resembling a plot. . . ."
  10. ^ "Indian Stories",The History of World Literature, Grant L. Voth, Chantilly, VA, 2007
  11. ^ The tale of Prince Samuttakote: a Buddhist epic from Thailand
  12. ^ Nang Sip Song Prarath Meri
  13. ^ Dance Troupe Prepares for Smithsonian Perfomance
  14. ^ สุธนชาดก (Suthan Jataka - Dance form)
  15. ^ Rev. Sengpan Pannyawamsa, Recital of the Tham Vessantara Jātaka: a social-cultural phenomenon in Kengtung, Eastern Shan State, Myanmar, Institute of Pali and Buddhist Studies, (University of Kelaniya), Sri Lanka
  16. ^ Pali Text Society Home Page

Further reading

  • Concordance of Buddhist Birth Stories, Pali Text Society, Lancaster, tabulates correspondences between various jataka collections.
  • The Jatakas — Birth Stories of the Bodhisatta,, Sandra Shaw, Penguin Classics, Penguin Books India, New Delhi, 2006
  • Twenty Jataka Tales,, Noor Inayat Khan, Inner Traditions, 1985
  • Apocryphal Birth-stories (Paññāsa-Jātaka), Isaline Blew Horner, Padmanabh S. Jaini, Pali Text Society, ISBN 9780860132332

External links

Jataka tales - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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