Saint Hildegard of Bingen, O.S.B. (German: Hildegard von Bingen; Latin: Hildegardis Bingensis) (1098 – 17 September 1179), also known as Saint Hildegard, and Sibyl of the Rhine, was a German writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, Benedictine abbess, visionary, and polymath. Elected a magistra by her fellow nuns in 1136, she founded the monasteries of Rupertsberg in 1150 and Eibingen in 1165. One of her works as a composer, the Ordo Virtutum, is an early example of liturgical drama and arguably the oldest surviving morality play.
She wrote theological, botanical and medicinal texts, as well as letters, liturgical songs, and poems, while supervising miniature illuminations in the Rupertsberg manuscript of her first work, Scivias.
Although the history of her formal recognition as a saint is complicated, she has been recognized as a saint by parts of the Roman Catholic Church for centuries. On 7 October 2012, Pope Benedict XVI named her a Doctor of the Church.
St. Hildegard of Bingen
Doctor of the Church
- Sabina Flanagan: Hildegard von Bingen
Biography of St. Hildegard of Bingen including a discussion of her books
- Nancy Fierro: Hildegard's Music and Discography
Article on St. Hildegard's music
- Guide to the Historical Sites
Illustrated Guide to the important sites of St. Hildegard's life
- Traces of Hildegard in Today's Bingen
Guide to the sites in the town of Bingen